Government: California GOP senators go public with their budget demands [Updated]
Gov. Jerry Brown broke off budget talks with five Republicans in the state Senate in March after complaining that the GOP's demands kept expanding. In particular, he pointed to a seven-page list of items Republicans told him they wanted in any budget deal, many of which had nothing to do with the budget.
Monday, four of those senators -- Tom Berryhill of Modesto, Anthony Cannella of Ceres, Bill Emmerson of Hemet and Tom Harman of Huntington Beach -- released details of four proposed reforms that they said are "necessary components" of any budget deal. It's not clear from their statement, though, whether they'll support the Democrats' budget proposal if they prevail on these four issues.
The four reforms are:
- A cap that would limit total spending on recurring items (e.g., prison guards or the Department of Motor Vehicles) to the previous year's total, adjusted for inflation and population growth. If two-thirds of the Legislature approved, surplus revenue over the cap could be spent on one-time projects, such as roads or gubernatorially declared emergencies. The cap would remain in place until the state had repaid more than $40 billion that had been borrowed or deferred to help balance previous budgets.
- A set of limits on public employee pensions, including a requirement that new employees be given a 401(k) plan and, if they choose, a small pension -- half the costs of which they'd have to cover. Pensions would be based on just the first $119,000 of an employee's salary, and an assortment of techniques used to inflate pensions would be banned. Most controversially, the state would be empowered to reduce the pension benefits that current employees were slated to receive but had not yet earned.
- Require state agencies to estimate the economic impact of proposed regulations and consider alternatives that would be equally effective but less costly.
- Amend the California Environmental Quality Act to discourage frivolous lawsuits and bar projects from being subject to the act solely on the basis of greenhouse gas emissions.
These are meaty, contentious proposals ...
In a statement released Monday afternoon, the senators asserted that "there is significant agreement between Republicans and the governor on the vast majority of those reforms." Judging by Brown's previous comments, that's probably true. That doesn't mean it will be easy for the two sides to agree on the handful of details that still separate them, however -- the Republicans swing for the fences on a couple of issues, such as permitting changes to as-yet unearned pension benefits of current state employees.
The four Republicans also try to pin the blame for the lack of a deal on Democrats. For example, they say:
It is clear now, as it has always been, that the only impediment to resolving this budget crisis and putting the tax question before the voters as the governor has committed to are the Democrats and their special interest allies.
Republicans have been consistent in their words and their actions. The only thing that's changed since negotiations were halted in March is the nearly $7 billion in unanticipated revenue that the Democrats have already spent. And now the Democrat leaders have moved the goal post with their recent introduction of a legislatively mandated tax increase -– without voter approval -– the so-called "bridge tax" that violates the governor’s own pledge.
Actually, it wasn't at all clear in February and March that Republicans would be willing to support a ballot measure to extend the four temporary tax increases sought by Brown, even if the Democrats agreed to their requests for a spending cap, pension limits and regulatory reforms. And it's not entirely clear now that the four demands outlined by the GOP senators are the only requests on the table.
Nor is it true that Democrats "have already spent" the $6.6 billion in extra revenue projected to be collected by May 2012. About $3 billion of that sum will go to public schools, as per Proposition 98. An additional $1 billion was used to cancel a shift of money from early childhood education into Medi-Cal that had drawn a lawsuit from county agencies. Much of the rest was used for something one would expect the GOP to embrace: reducing the proposed tax increase.
Still, the senators' statement suggests that there's reason to hope that a budget deal may be close. They don't rule out supporting a "bridge tax," which Brown said Monday was the only workable solution to the budget problem. And although some of their demands go too far, much of what they're seeking would be a reasonable response to the state's budget problems and regulatory excesses.
[Updated, 7:01 p.m., June 13: Although the four senators' statement makes only one criticism of the "bridge tax" -- that it "violates the governor's own pledge" -- the chairman of the Senate Republican Caucus, Bob Huff of Diamond Bar, has publicly stated that there are no GOP votes for the proposal. That makes the stop-gap tax less likely than the sort of budgetary legerdemain -- e.g., one-time revenues and dubious revenue projections -- that Brown has opposed in the past.]
The question is whether both sides can make concessions in order to seal the deal. The "bridge tax," which would leave state sales and vehicle-license taxes at their current, elevated levels until voters could decide whether to extend them for a longer term, is a very difficult pill for Republicans to swallow. And the proposals for a spending cap, pension limits and changes to the California Environmental Quality Act all include provisions that Democrats have long opposed.
[For the Record, added 9:36 a.m. Tuesday: The update I added last night incorrectly referred to Sen. Bob Huff as "the Republican leader in the Senate." Sen. Bob Dutton of Rancho Cucamonga is the Senate Republican leader; I changed the post to indicate Huff's correct title, GOP caucus chairman. Equally relevant to this post, he's also vice chairman of the Budget Committee.]
-- Jon Healey
Photo: From left, Republican state Sens. Anthony Cannella, Bill Emmerson, Tom Harman and Sam Blakeslee talk about the budget at the Capitol in Sacramento. Credit: Associated Press